Since the advent of the enlightenment, science has revolutionized the way we look at the universe. This past century has seen some of the most innovative ideas, but who were the scientists behind the innovations? This article will cover 6 of the most influential scientists in the past century.
6. Jonas Salk (1914-1995)
As the inventor of the polio vaccine, Jonas Salk became an overnight sensation. In the early 1950s, polio became one of the most highly feared childhood diseases that even affected one of the most notable United States Presidents, FDR. Salk’s discovery of a cure was announced in 1955, and people rejoiced around the world.
5. Niels Bohr (1885-1962)
Anyone that has taken chemistry or physics knows the name Niels Bohr. He was the first scientist to realize the true structure of atoms. For his extensive work in physics, Niels Bohr was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1922.
4. Max Planck (1858-1947)
Completely by accident, Max Planck revolutionized the way we view physics to this day. His work is even cited as being the point where classical physics ceased and modern physics commenced. His novel theory of energy, named quantum theory, stated that energy was discharged in small packets called quanta.
3. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
Although his theories were highly controversial, Sigmund Freud had a lasting effect on modern psychology. He was the first psychologist to realize that humans had subconscious and unconscious mental activity. He also correctly postulated that our childhood greatly affected our mental states as adults.
2. Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Marie Curie, another prominent figure in chemistry, helped discover radium and polonium. She was also the first chemist to coin the term radioactivity. She was the first person to ever win two Nobel Prizes, and her work in radioactivity helped doctors utilize X-rays. If you’re interested in chemistry, visit www.microscope.com to find equipment and tutorials.
1. Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
With a name that is synonymous with “genius,” it’s no surprise that Albert Einstein is the most influential scientist of the past century. His theory of special and general relativity revolutionized the way we look at the universe. His most notable accomplishments were discovering the law that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light and that space and time are actually the same thing.
With so many other great accomplishments in the past century, it is hard narrowing down the most influential scientists. For what it’s worth, the aforesaid thinkers seem to outshine the rest.