The historical significance of medieval castles are fascinates anybody who visits them today. When those castles were built centuries ago, they had many architectural touches for the purposes of security. A common defense mechanism of those days was a moat, which was a body of water with which a castle was encircled, while a drawbridge was raised so enemies attacking needed to figure out a way over the moat, or else they would not be able to breach the fortress. A castle also had loopholes or narrow windows so that archers could be protected by stone when firing at the enemy.
The first few medieval castles were first built in the ninth and tenth centuries, right after the collapse of Charlemagne’s empire. The main purpose of the medieval castles was protection from enemies during times of war but over time they came to become dwellings for royalty and upper-class persons throughout Europe. The first medieval castles were made from wood and there were circular fences surrounding the castles. By the late stages of the medieval era, the castles were being built out of stone and these castles were sturdier than the original ones.
When castles existed throughout the medieval era, they became military fortresses as the rise of feudalism and religious wars took place in Europe. For protection from enemies the castles were built on high hills so that opponents could not reach certain people easily.
Aside from the aristocrats and upper class persons who lived in the castles, others lived in them too. These persons include cooks, soldiers, slaves and other servants, blacksmiths, treasurers and chaplains. Yet there were still specific social standings that existed among everyone who resided in the castles during the medieval era. Prisoners usually did not end up in castles but were instead executed.
Germany, France, Italy, England and Spain had the most castles and this is probably due to the many conquests that this country engaged in during the medieval era. In addition, these countries also engaged in various military battles and some of the castles were used for protection of the country’s soldiers or the royal family.
If you want to plan a tour of Europe’s old castles, you should first meet with a travel agent that has some years of experience in arranging for tours of the castles. You want to ask about the price of different vacation packages, the itineraries that are included in the tours and any other amenities that are included in the tour.
The main hall of the castle was long and large, and it was the center of social activity for all who lived there. The hall’s floors were made of stone and also mixed with scented herbs such as mint and lavender. The fireplace was usually in the center of the hall and feasts were celebrated with the placing of foods on long wood tables. The dungeon was a dark and underground attic that was found in most castles and the kitchen was located in a separate area apart from the primary castle to prevent fires. The chapel was an essential part of the castle since a majority of Europe came under Roman Catholic influence. The chapel had arched wall trims inside of it and it reflected the traditional Gothic or Byzantine look.
Butleries and bottleries were essential rooms in the medieval castle because these rooms were where food and drinks were stored for preservation processes. People in medieval castles also bathed in wooden barrels rather than regular tubs and people sometimes bathed outdoors in warm, weather. Windsor Palace is where Queen Elizabeth currently lives and it was a castle that was built in the medieval era.
Medieval castles are enormous homes that include several rooms and storage areas. The medieval castles also served as military fortresses although generally prisoners were not held in castles. You can even pray in the castle as there were chapels located inside of them. Finally, these castles have a romantic feel to them.
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